Doha meeting on Peace and Security in Afghanistan

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Pugwash convened a meeting on “Peace and Security in Afghanistan” on 23-24 January 2016, in Doha, Qatar.  Approximately 55 participants from a wide range of backgrounds gathered to discuss the shared goal of peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan.  The meeting was a non-official (“academic”) exploration of current issues and not an official negotiation.

Read the full report of the meeting here.

Toenadering zoeken tot Noord-Korea

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“Het Noord-Koreaanse atoomwapen-programma is niet agressief bedoeld, maar wordt ontwikkeld uit ‘zelfverdediging’ tegen Amerikaanse en andere buitenlandse vijandigheden.” Zo kondigde de Noord-Koreaanse staatsmedia op 6 januari aan dat de test met een waterstofbom succesvol was verlopen. Het lijkt ondertussen een terugkerend fenomeen te worden; 2006, 2009, 2013 en nu 2016. Noord-Korea doet een kernproef en legitimeert zich hiermee richting haar volk. Zuid-Korea, Japan en de Verenigde Staten veroordelen de kernproef en misschien komt er nog een resolutie van de Verenigde Naties bij. Op wat extra sancties na gebeurt er niets en is het weer wachten op volgende kernproef. Continue reading

Statement on the DPRK Nuclear Test

By Pugwash President Jayantha Dhanapala and Pugwash Secretary General Paolo Cotta-Ramusino

imageStatement on the DPRK Nuclear Test

Today, 6 January 2016, North Korea conducted a new nuclear test. Over the last 17 years, the DPRK has been the only country in the world to continue to conduct nuclear weapon tests.

Today’s test was announced as a test of a thermonuclear weapon, although more probably it was a test of an ordinary fission weapon with possibly some (fusion) “boosting”.

While the DPRK probably has a long way to go toward building real thermonuclear weapons that could be placed on long-range missiles, still, the general political message associated with this latest test is far from positive.

The political tensions present in the North-East Asian region should be addressed by political means—and not by escalating the arms race and sending threatening messages. The resumption of the six-party talks, and the facilitation of communication between the two Koreas, are important steps that should be sustained by all the states involved, as well as by the international community.

Jayantha Dhanapala, President of Pugwash
Paolo Cotta-Ramusino, Secretary General of Pugwash

Also available online: http://pugwash.org/2016/01/06/statement-on-dprk-nuclear-test-3/

Copyright © 2016 Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, All rights reserved.

 

Future Effectiveness of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)

The evolving strategic context, the re-emergence of chemical weapons and their use by militant non-state actors and extremists, challenge the future effectiveness of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).

The future challenges of the Convention have been take up in a March 2015 OPCW document titled «The OPCW in 2025: Ensuring a World Free of Chemical Weapons» (document S/1252/2015), attached here.

Download (PDF, 66KB)

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Lecture on Russia and the West: VU University Amsterdam, 4 June 2014, 16:30

On 4 June 2014, Pugwash Netherlands is organising a public lecture by Alexander Nikitin (Moscow) under the title “Towards Joint Western–Russian Crises Response and Conflict Resolution”. The lecture will be held at the VU University Amsterdam and is open to anyone interested (please sign up by sending an email to bureau@pugwash.nl). The public lecture will deal with Western and Russian approaches to crises response and conflict resolution and will explore the possibilities for a joint approach, a very topical issue. Professor Alexander Nikitin is Director of the Center for Euro-Atlantic Security at MGIMO University Moscow and Vice-Chair of Pugwash Russia. Continue reading

Uncertainty and Disputed Values: The Role of Non-State Actors in Global Nuclear Security

On 20 March 2014, The Hague Institute for Global Justice and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), with support of Pugwash Nederlands, will convene a roundtable of experts to explore issues related to the governance of nuclear security. This event will take place under the Nuclear Knowledge Summit (NKS) event series, an official side event to the Nuclear Security Summit (NSS). Continue reading

Pugwash statement on 2013 Nobel Peace Prize for OPCW

We applaud the decision of the Norwegian Nobel Committee to award the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW).  The timing of this award is striking.  The OPCW represents an outstanding example of what the international community can accomplish even at the most dire of times.  This is being proven in the on-going Syrian crisis, where in response to the use of chemical weapons bold political moves were made to attempt to avert a further escalation of the already grave military conflict. This creative solution represented ‘out of the box’ thinking and also was discussed at the unofficial “Track II” level, including through the Pugwash network. Continue reading